Johns Hopkins Electronic Information Technology
Currently, Johns Hopkins University does not have a policy regarding the accessibility of electronic and information technology (EIT). An IT Accessibility Committee was created in April 2015 and is working to create a policy, which will establish WCAG 2.0 AA as the standard compliance level. The policy will also identify deadlines for compliance of new and previously developed content.
Until the policy is enacted, Johns Hopkins will continue to have a responsibility to ensure equal access to its programs and services. The policy will clarify that responsibility as it applies to common barriers to EIT, which the international World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has defined as incompatibility with speech recognition or screen reading software, lack of text-based alternatives to media content, poor color contrast or small text size, and transaction timing requirements that do not take into account intellectual disabilities.
The consortium suggests the following best practices for creating electronic content:
- Provide text alternatives for any non-text content;
- Provide alternatives for time-based media;
- Include content that can be presented in different ways without losing information or structure;
- Make sure websites are easy to see and hear, including separating foreground from background;
- Permit all functionality from a keyboard if needed (as opposed to a cursor);
- Permit sufficient time to read and use content;
- Avoid designing materials in a way that is known to cause seizures;
- Include ways to help users navigate, find content, and determine where they are;
- Include text content that is readable and understandable;
- Design content to operate and appear in predictable ways;
- Help users avoid and correct mistakes; and
- Ensure websites’ compatibility with current and future user agents, including assistive web technologies.