Johns Hopkins Electronic and Information Technology
Currently, Johns Hopkins University does not have a separate policy regarding the accessibility of electronic and information technology (EIT). However, we have a responsibility to ensure equal access to all programs and services in accordance with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act as amended. The most widely recognized set of accessibility guidelines for web content are the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines, version 2.0 Level AA. The W3C has identified the most common barriers to EIT accessibility to be incompatibility with speech recognition or screen reading software, lack of text-based alternatives to media content, poor color contrast or small text size, and transaction timing requirements that do not take into account intellectual disabilities.
The consortium suggests the following best practices for creating electronic content:
- Provide text alternatives for any non-text content;
- Provide alternatives for time-based media;
- Include content that can be presented in different ways without losing information or structure;
- Make sure websites are easy to see and hear, including separating foreground from background;
- Permit all functionality from a keyboard if needed (as opposed to a cursor);
- Permit sufficient time to read and use content;
- Avoid designing materials in a way that is known to cause seizures;
- Include ways to help users navigate, find content, and determine where they are;
- Include text content that is readable and understandable;
- Design content to operate and appear in predictable ways;
- Help users avoid and correct mistakes; and
- Ensure websites’ compatibility with current and future user agents, including assistive web technologies.